International Adhesions Society





Links - Adhesions Around the Body & Adhesion Prevention

Library & Resources >Links

Resources with Links relative to helping to prevent chronic pain caused by post-surgical adhesions.

For information about adhesions research conducted by the IAS click here.

Sample photos and videos are listed by section below. For a wider selection of photos and videos related to adhesions, please see here.

For information about adhesion prevention products click here.

PLEASE NOTE: Many links are to external sites; they will open in new windows.

Where possible we have tried to find review articles from the peer-reviewed medical literature. Where possible, please follow link to the “Free Article”

Click here for a listing of articles on adhesions in the last year in the medical literature.

Abdominal & Pelvic Adhesions

- Adhesions: What Are They and How Can They Be Prevented? – Information form the American Society for Reproductive Medicine
- Abdominal Adhesions – information provided by the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
- Intra-abdominal adhesions: definition, origin, significance in surgical practice, and treatment options.
- Adhesions – an overview from the National Library of Medicine. En Espanol: Adherencias - Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de EE.UU
- Adhesions – another overview form the National Library of Medicine – with good links
- Adhesions - An Overview by Dr. Dan Martin
- The inpatient burden of abdominal and gynecological adhesiolysis in the US. Analysis of 2005 statistics reveals inpatient expenditures of $2.3billion. See our own analysis of the same numbers which reveals even higher costs.
- Clinical implications of postsurgical adhesions, authored by IAS Advisor, Dr. Michael Diamond.
- Prevention of adhesions in gynaecological endoscopy
- Adhesion prevention and treatment using traditional/ alternative methods
- Do Men Get Adhesions, an informative look by David Wiseman PhD, MRPharmS, Founder, International Adhesions Society

- For a compendium from a Google search of photographs of adhesions, click here.
- For a compendium of photographs from a Google search of adhesions being cut (adhesiolysis), click here.
- Adhesions after appendectomy
- Adhesions involving the uterus, bowel ovaries and Fallopian tubes
- Adhesions of the large and small bowel and omentum
- Gastrointestinal Pathology: Adhesion between loops of small intestine

- Adhesions - General Information
- Adhesions and the female organs
- Bowel and peritubal adhesions
- Adhesions in the pelvis

Adhesions and Infertility
- InterNational Council on Infertility Information Dissemination (INCIID) is a nonprofit organization that helps individuals and couples explore their family-building options. INCIID provides current information and immediate support regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infertility and pregnancy loss, and offers guidance to those considering adoption or childfree lifestyles.

Adhesions, ARD and CAPPS
- Disorders of adhesions or adhesion-related disorder: monolithic entities or part of something bigger--CAPPS? This is the landmark paper produced as a result of IAS research. Click here for the PubMed abstract and here for a lay summary.
- Click here for our page with a more detailed discussion of ARD, CAPPS and all of the component conditions.

Adhesions – Medicolegal Aspects
- Fusilier v. Dauterive – Malpractice case involving adhesions
- Medico-legal consequences of post-operative intra-abdominal adhesions 2009 review authored by IAS advisor, Professor Harold Ellis, CBE.
- Medicolegal consequences of postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions. 2001 review authored by IAS advisor, Professor Harold Ellis, CBE.
- Adhesions and Informed Consent. Read here about the IAS’ work on the information provided to patients about adhesions and adhesion barriers.

Adhesions – Regulatory Aspects
- FDA Panel Meeting to discuss the FDA Guidance Document on Devices for Surgical Adhesions, January 25, 2000. See here for the transcript as well as here for Dr. Wiseman’s presentation on behalf of the IAS to the Panel.

- FDA Guidance for Resorbable Adhesion Barrier Devices for Use in Abdominal and/or Pelvic Surgery; Guidance for Industry, June 18, 2002.
- European Commission MEDICAL DEVICES: Guidance document

- ADEPT PMA P050011
- ADEPT – Summary of FDA Panel Meeting March 2006 Summary and transcriptalso here.

- INTERGEL – Documents at FDA - Summary of Safety and Effectiveness
- INTERGEL Summary Panel Minutes January 12 2000
- INTERGEL – Dispute Resolution Panel Meeting September 6 2011 – Roster of documents
- INTERGEL – FDA announcement regarding withdrawal, April 16, 2003

- OXIPLEX – FDA Executive Summary of 2008 Panel meeting
- REPEL CV – Summary of Safety and Effectiveness
- Seprafilm PMA 950034

Adhesions – Treatment and Adhesiolysis
- Adhesion prevention products – see our page here
- Abdominal adhesion prevention: still a sticky subject?
- Adhesions and adhesiolysis: the role of laparoscopy
- Management and prevention of pelvic adhesions
- Prevention of peritoneal adhesions: A promising role for gene therapy
- The effect of oral honey and pollen on postoperative intraabdominal adhesions

- Adhesiolysis of Bowel from Right Pelvic Sidewall
- Laparoscopic Lysis of Abdominal Adhesions: an animated video describing the surgical procedure of laparoscopic adhesiolysis
- Laparoscopy Adhesiolysis Video from an Indian surgeon, Dr. Naidu
- Adhesiolysis by robotic surgery
- Placement of INTERCEED by laparoscopy
- Myomectomy – removal of uterine fibroids – by laparotomy with placement of Seprafilm
- Placement of Sprayshield

Adhesions and Bowel Obstruction
- Adhesive small bowel obstruction in children and adolescents: operative utilization and factors associated with bowel loss.
- Has the use of anti-adhesion barriers affected the national rate of bowel obstruction? This work documents the use of adhesion barriers using the ICD9 codes that the IAS helped to establish for the application of an adhesion barrier. Another example of IAS action yielding fruit!!
- Adhesive small bowel obstruction: epidemiology, biology and prevention
- Intestinal obstruction
- A review of the management of small bowel obstruction. Members of the Surgical and Clinical Adhesions Research Study (SCAR). Authored by IAS Advisor, Professor Harold Ellis, CBE.
- Intestinal obstruction: still a lethal clinical entity.
- Bologna Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction (ASBO): 2010 Evidence-Based Guidelines of the World Society of Emergency Surgery.

- Small bowel obstruction
- Strangulated small bowel obstruction
- An internal hernia in which a loop of bowel and mesentery has been caught, which is one complication of adhesions from a previous surgery

- CT of Small Bowel Obstruction

Breast Implant Scarring (Capsular Contracture)
- Breast implants, common complications, and concurrent breast disease
- Correction of capsular contracture and breast implant malposition
- Fibrin Sealant Demonstrates Reduced Complications From Breast Cancer Surgery. Phase ll clinical trials...October 15,1997. Fibrin Sealants are tissue adhesives used during surgical procedures for hemostasis and of tissues. Fibrin sealants offer three primary benefits related to wound healing: speed, less scarring, and reduced leakage and blood loss.

Adhesions and C Section
- Do adhesions at repeat cesarean delay delivery of the newborn?
- Peritoneal adhesion prevention at cesarean section: an analysis of the effectiveness of an absorbable adhesion barrier. This paper shows the effect of INTERCEED on adhesions from C section.

- A review of the complications caused by adhesions in cardiac surgery

- Insertion of middle-ear Silastic sheeting during tympanoplasty: hearing outcomes

- Eye muscle surgery
- Amniotic membrane transplantation for restrictive strabismus

- An overview of adhesions after hand surgery and methods to remove them (tenolysis)

- Groin pain after open hip surgery: the role of intraarticular adhesions

Hysterectomy and Adhesions
Please see our page on hysterectomy here.

Intrauterine Adhesions (Asherman’s Syndrome)
Please see our page on Asherman’s Syndrome here

- How to treat the stiff total knee arthroplasty?

Labial Adhesions
- Labial Adhesions, a parents guide

Lung, Pulmonary Adhesions
- Pulmonary Pathology: repeated episodes of inflammation can result in scarring which has resulted in fibrous adhesions between the lobes of the lung.

Peritoneal Sclerosis, Sclerosing Encapsulating Peritonitis (Common after peritoneal dialysis)
- Pathogenesis and treatment of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis

Shoulder, Adhesive Capsulitis, Frozen Shoulder
- Rotator cuff lesions with shoulder stiffness
- Effectiveness of subacromial anti-adhesive agent injection after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair

Sinus Surgery
- Prevention of adhesion after endoscopic sinus surgery

Spine/ Arachnoiditis
- Effectiveness of spinal endoscopic adhesiolysis in post lumbar surgery syndrome
- Systematic review of percutaneous adhesiolysis and management of chronic low back pain in post lumbar surgery syndrome
- Systematic review of effectiveness and complications of adhesiolysis in the management of chronic spinal pain

- Burton Report on Adhesive Arachnoiditis
- Circle of Friends with Arachnoiditis
- Arachnoiditis Society for Awareness and Prevention (ASAP) Click here for video

Other Related or Possibly Related Conditions
- Fitz-Hugh-Curtis (FHC) Syndrome. See our page on FHC here
- Lichen sclerosus. See our page here

SYNECHION: A one-stop place to learn what pharmaceutical companies are doing in the field of research to find an adhesion barrier that will provide protection to surgical patients from post-surgical adhesions.


Library & Resources >Links


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