* Canada - as of October 1998
* the Middle East
* South Africa
Adhesions occur following every surgical procedure - because this is our body's natural way of healing itself. It is my understanding that approximately 90% of surgical patients do not experience pain as a result of adhesions.
On the other hand, about 10% of surgical patients, for some unknown reason, have a tendency to be adhesion-formers. With each surgical procedure, their adhesions re-form and de nova (new) adhesions develop. As a consequence, their chronic pain becomes increasingly more painful.
Until a gel adhesion barrier (such as Intergel) has been approved by the FDA, more surgery for these people is not advised. Pain Management is the best that medical science has to offer at this time.